Inserting an en-dash in Latex. They also have a different function. (, Barack Obama was president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. How to Enter Hyphens, En Dashes and Em Dashes in HTML and Word. It allows, in a manner similar to parentheses, an additional thought to be added within a sentence by sort of breaking away from that sentence—as I’ve done here. It’s difficult because they’re not something you use while speaking. Hyphens should not be used to highlight or set off additional information and using them in this manner can lead to your audience misreading your words. An em dash may be used to signify a sudden break or interruption in dialogue. is an in-depth but easily digestible course. They’re used to connect two items (usually numbers) that designate … Repeat listings by that same author feature a 3-em dash rather than the author’s name again. 3. The em dash is perhaps the most versatile punctuation mark. Alternatively, insert en-dash from the Insert>Symbol menu. The en dash is approximately the length of the letter n, and the em dash the length of the letter m. The shorter en dash (–) is used to mark ranges. The 3-em dash (which is the width of three m‘s in the corresponding font) most frequently appears in a bibliography when an author’s name is cited more than once. (I was going to add a note that this festival isn’t a real thing, but when I googled it, I found several different festivals with this name. The en dash gets its name from the fact that it is as wide as the letter n. Advertisement. Unlike an em dash, an en dash has a smaller number of appropriate uses. When you use the en dash this way, you should add spaces around the dashes. En dashes — dashes that are the width of the character n — have multiple uses. a parenthetical; an ersatz-ellipsis). Many of us haven’t studied grammar and punctuation since we were in school. Anywhere formal typography appears, an en dash might pop up. Instead, they use only the em dash (see below for more on THAT variation). Dashes, on the other hand, em­pha­size what’s in­side them; com­pare the fol­low­ing sen­tences: 1. Type en or em into the search bar, depending on which one you want to use. En Dash: An en dash is for showing a range of numbers. The em dash also acts as the longest stop or pause in a sentence compared to the other three dashes, which all serve to join parts of sentences rather than break up a sentence and stop the reader. However, I only recommend products or services that I genuinely like and trust. Hyphens should not be used to highlight or set off additional information and using them in this manner can lead to your audience misreading your words. It’s also important that when you set off a phrase using em-dashes that you used one em-dash immediately after the noun the phrase is describing and one immediately after the phrase. Usage of dashes can vary between British English and American English. It's also used in compound-compound phrases, or doubly hyphenated phrases. She is a proud Hufflepuff and member of Team Cap. Dashes are used to separate two words into statements.It should be noted that dashes are If you purchase through these links I may receive a commission at no extra cost to you. . The en dash is about as wide as an uppercase N; the em dash is as wide as an M. (This image was made with PowerPoint and Photoshop; the relative sizes of the dashes look right but, here, the en dash and em dash don’t exactly match the width of the upper-case N and M.) AP Style recommends putting a space before and after the em dash. , but some British publishers may use spaced en dashes instead. (. Dashes, if used incorrectly, can actually confuse readers (not just bother detail–oriented editors). We recommend our users to update the browser. If all else fails, copy and paste the dash from another document, such as this page. If you want to replace the Em dash or En dash with a normal hyphen, type the hyphen after removing the Em or En dash. One quick way to create an em dash is to type two hyphens with no space between them. (Press Ctrl-C, or ⌘-C on a Mac); In your Word document, place the text cursor where you'd like the dash to go, and paste it. Why You Might Need to Purposely Kill Your Grass, 7 Ways You’re Using “To Whom it May Concern” Incorrectly, This Is the Real Difference Between “Due to” and “Because Of”, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. Now that I’m living the dream of starting my own business and working from home, I want to help other freelancers and small business owners to do the same. Examples where an em-dash should be used: School is based on the three R’s—reading, writing, and ’rithmetic. According to CMOS, “in British usage, an en dash (with space before and after) is usually preferred to the em dash as punctuation in running text.”, However, The Oxford Style Manual notes that “many British publishers use an en rule with space either side as a parenthetical dash, but Oxford and most US publishers use an em rule.”. in pairs, to mark off information or ideas that are not essential to an understanding of the rest of the sentence: Thousands of children—like the girl in this photograph—have been left homeless. Latex will automatically turn it into an en-dash. The en dash is slightly longer than the hyphen but not as long as the em dash. An em dash (—) is used as a substitute for a comma, colon, semi-colon or parentheses. Use the knowledge you’ve learned above and try not to peek at the answers below! The en dash is neglected by many writers except as a substitute for an em dash, and even then it is increasingly replaced with a hyphen to mark a pause or parenthesis, especially online and, less commonly, in print journalism. An em dash, or long dash, is used:. Em dashes can be used in place of commas, colons, semi-colons, or parentheses. Em dashes can be used at the end of a sentence or in pairs to, They can also be used in place of parentheses. The en dash and em dash are marks of punctuation that have specific uses. In appearance, an en dash is slightly longer than a hyphen ( - ), approximately the width of a capital N, while an em dash is slightly longer than an en dash, approximately the width of a capital M (hence their names). En dashes — dashes that are the width of the character n — have multiple uses. Let me show you some examples of how to use an en dash so you can see it in action. An em dash is a versatile bit of punctuation that can function like a comma or colon or set of parentheses. Language changes over time, and let’s face it, memories fade. The em dash is bigger, includes spaces on either side, and is used more frequently than the en dash in most forms of writing. An em dash is most often used First, add an en or em dash to your document as described above. In appearance, an en dash is slightly longer than a hyphen (-), approximately the width of a capital N, while an em dash is slightly longer than an en dash, approximately the width of a capital M (hence their names). The typical computer keyboard lacks a dedicated key for the en dash, though most word processors provide a means for its insertion. I did… En and Em Dashes and Hyphens One thing editors do is to fuss with punctuation, especially dashes. Em dashes can replace colons or sets of parentheses, or represent a sudden change in thought or tone. Don’t replace the second em-dash (as some tend to) with a comma or semicolon. The following explanations offer the most common uses and methods for forming these dashes. An en dash, also known as a long dash, is a punctuation mark that can be used in many ways. Don’t replace the second em-dash (as some tend to) with a comma or semicolon. In informal writing, em dashes may replace commas, semicolons, colons, and … The en dash is made with alt or option hyphen. There are some other less well-known uses for the em dash; for example, the 2-em dash and the 3-em dash. to break the flow of thoughts). Unsubscribe at any time. Span or range of numbers Alternatively, insert en-dash from the Insert>Symbol menu. Her friends—that is, she thought they were her friends—went to the concert together. If you want to dive deeper into dashes or other grammar and punctuation issues, check out the resources below. Against all odds, Pete—the unluckiest man alive—won the lottery. Fun fact: the en dash is the width of the letter “N”, while the em dash is the width of the letter “M”. As long as I have three things in my pantry—bread, chocolate, and ice cream—all is right in the world. The en dash is also used when referencing scores and contest results: Finally, use the en dash between words that present a conflict, connection, contrast, or direction: Wider still is the em-dash, which is just as wide as a lowercase m. The em-dash is typically used in sentences, such as a dash between clauses. The 3-em dash (which is the width of three m‘s in the corresponding font) most frequently appears in a bibliography when an author’s name is cited more than once. to break the flow of thoughts). The en dash is so called because it’s the same width as a capital N in typeface. Another way to insert the dashes is to use the minus key on the numeric keypad. It comes most com­monly in pairs and has a func­tion sim­i­lar to paren­the­ses (i.e. 2. The en dash lives up to it’s shorter name also … Em dashes and en dashes (— vs –) Published on May 31, 2019 by Amy Luo. recommends putting a space before and after the em dash. Inserting an en-dash in Latex. Colon vs. Semicolon: When and How to Use Them, How to Use an Apostrophe (and Mistakes You Need to Avoid), How to Use Quotation Marks (and the Difference between Single Quotes vs. An em dash, or long dash, is used:. The en dash (–) is a bit wider than the hyphen (-) and narrower than the em dash (—). If you’re wondering, yes, these are types of punctuation that are named after letters. First, it may be used to indicate a range—of numbers, … En dash vs. em dash is one of the trickiest punctuation issues there is. En dash. So how do you type an en dash in Google Docs? ), The main purpose of an en dash (–) is to connect inclusive dates and numbers. The em dash is the length of a lower case letter “m” and the en dash is the length of the letter “n.” When using the em dash and the en dash you should not leave any spaces between the punctuation and the next word. It essentially means “to” or “through.”. 3. It also may be used to indicate something missing. Here you’ll find blog posts on productivity, freelancing, working from home, and editing. Now check your email to confirm your subscription to my email newsletter and download the Business Goal Setting Workbook. The en dash is about as wide as an uppercase N; the em dash is as wide as an M. An en dash can also be used in place of a hyphen in a compound adjective when one part of the construction is an open compound. (Based on CMOS recommendations outlined in this blog post.). Click on Substitutions. A writer's use of dashes (hyphens, em dashes, and en dashes) is one of the typographical elements that "jump out" at editors. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer), common punctuation mistakes that even smart people make, the difference between hyphens and dashes. Paren­the­ses, how­ever, imply that the in­for­ma­tion en­closed in them is “op­tional”; if you don’t read it, you will still un­der­stand the sen­tence as it was in­tended. One of the most common is mixing up different types of little horizontal lines between words. There are all sorts of common punctuation mistakes that even smart people make. And if the word between precedes the number range, the word and should be used instead of the en dash. An em-dash is typically used as a stand-in for a comma or parenthesis to separate out phrases—or even just a word—in a sentence for various reasons (e.g. Highlight the Em dash or En dash using your mouse, then press the Delete key. The AP, however, doesn’t use the en dash at all. Dashes, on the other hand, em­pha­size what’s in­side them; com­pare the fol­low­ing sen­tences: 1. En dashes are slightly shorter than em dashes. Some style guides prefer using the en dash for creating asides. A common mistake writers make is using a hyphen as my reference guide unless otherwise noted. little grammar rules to follow that make you seem smarter! Fun fact: The en dash is called the en rule in British English, and the em dash is called the em rule. The em dash (about as wide as an uppercase M), is a relatively artistic punctuation mark, compared to the more technical hyphen and en dash. Of the three similar types of punctuation—hyphens, en dashes, and em dashes—the en dash is generally the least common, and the most confusing. Hyphen, en dash, em dash, short dash, long dash, thick dash – figuring out what to call that minus-like punctuation mark, which seems to vary in length depending on the circumstances, can be difficult. So both CMOS and The Oxford Style Manual advocate using a closed-up em dash to set off parenthetical information, but some British publishers may use spaced en dashes instead. This content may contain affiliate links. Miss America is hoping for world peace—or so she says! Warning: Beware of using hyphens in place of em dashes. How to Use an Ellipsis: Chicago vs. AP Style, 15 Essential Reference Books for New Proofreaders. The longer em dash (—) is used to separate extra information or mark a break in a sentence. Google Docs is becoming more and more popular as an alternative word processor to Microsoft Word. (, An en dash should be used with open compounds, CMOS recommends using a closed-up em dash. In spring 2017, her creative nonfiction piece "Anticipation" was published in Angles literary magazine. There are two types of dash. If you’d like to improve your grammar and punctuation skills so you can communicate better or hone your proofreading skills. Latex will automatically turn it into an en-dash. Unfortunately, there isn’t an em dash symbol or an en dash symbol on a keyboard. So, in the example above, on some devices it can be hard to see a differences. Another em dash vs. en dash difference is the width. In appearance, an en dash is slightly longer than a hyphen (-), approximately the width of a capital N, while an em dash is slightly longer than an en dash, approximately the width of a capital M (hence their names). Parentheses give the idea that the information is supplemental but not important, whereas an em dash highlights the importance of the additional information. An em dash is most often used The html codes for the en dash are – or – To type an en dash in Microsoft Word, press the Ctrl and minus sign keys on the numeric keypad (on a standard keyboard). Success! The em dash is also known as the “long dash”. En dashes are used to show ranges of any kind. 1) In some styles, an en dash may be used where an em dash would normally go. According to CMOS, “in British usage, an en dash (with space before and after) is usually preferred to the em dash as punctuation in running text.” If you purchase through these links I may receive a commission at no extra cost to you. How to Use Quotation Marks (and the Difference between Single vs. Read chapters 5–13 of The Chicago Manual of Style if you want to become a grammar guru. They are not hyphens, as any competent designer or copy editor will tell you.. They can also be used in place of parentheses. Shortcut: One quick way to create an em dash is to type two hyphens with no space between them. The en dash is known as the “short dash” and is usually used between numbers. (, was an American socialite and philanthropist. Check your individual style guide to be sure. But here are the two basic uses of en dashes: 1. The em dash (—) is much more versatile than the en dash. Let’s make that more clear. The em dash has several uses. There’s much more that could be written to fully explain the difference between hyphens and dashes. We use em-dashes to add emphasis to the size of the car. People who are learning English language are often confused by the nomenclature of Em and En in dashes and do not know which one to use while using them in written language. Notwithstanding its versatility, the em dash is best limited to two appearances per sentence. Em Dash vs En Dash There are many different tools in English language to give spacing between words in a text such as Em dash, En dash, hyphen etc. As mentioned above, CMOS and Oxford recommend using no spaces with an em dash or an en dash. It’s the middle one of the three in terms of size—bigger than a hyphen, smaller than an em dash. Click Insert, and then click Close. The em-dash (“—”) is the longest dash in com­mon use. The en dash is known as the “short dash” and is usually used between numbers. Make sure your substitution is ticked. Em dash vs. en dash There’s much more that could be written to fully explain the difference between hyphens and dashes. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Catherine Turner is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. A longer dash is called an en dash, because it is the same width as a lowercase n. An en-dash is typically used to denote ranges of numbers. The em dash (about as wide as an uppercase M), is a relatively artistic punctuation mark, compared to the more technical hyphen and en dash. Em dash. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. En Dashes. (. I'd like to receive the free email course. Double Quotes), How to Use Commas (and Mistakes to Avoid). An em dash is mostly used to set apart a phrase or clause. . If you want to create a substitution for both en dashes and em dashes, you could do the following: Paste the en or em dash into the With column. Dashes. (And yes, the en dash is named because it’s the width of the letter n.). Find out what makes it stand out from other dashes! The en dash (–) is longer than a hyphen but shorter than an em dash. The en dash is approximately the length of the letter n, and the em dash the length of the letter m. The shorter en dash (–) is used to mark ranges. Anywhere formal typography appears, an en dash might pop up. Depending on the context, the em dash can take the place of commas, parentheses, or colons⁠—in each case to slightly different effect.. As I just mentioned, CMOS uses the en dash to indicate ranges, such as multiple dates or a series of page numbers (153–69). Fun fact: The en dash is called the en rule in British English, and the em dash is called the em rule. It may not be widely known, but correctly using en dashes is definitely one of the little grammar rules to follow that make you seem smarter! They are mainly used to set a phrase apart. It comes most com­monly in pairs and has a func­tion sim­i­lar to paren­the­ses (i.e. The em-dash (—) The em-dash is normally twice as long as the n-dash; its length is equal to the width of the letter m, whence the name. A Nobel Prize-winning author is going to be at the party, and I want to meet her! So how do you type an en dash in Google Docs? However, I only recommend products or services that I genuinely like and trust. En Dash vs. Em Dash: When and How to Use Them. You may see the en dash in two other situations, however. Then X out of the special characters box. Click on the Special Characters tab, and choose whichever dash you want to use. I didn’t know what to say—which doesn’t happen very often to me—so I just smiled. The following explanations offer the most common uses and methods for forming these dashes. The em-dash (—) The em-dash is normally twice as long as the n-dash; its length is equal to the width of the letter m, whence the name. She works from 9 to 5; what a way to make a living. When used in this fashion, it should not have spaces on either side. There are two similar but distinct punctuation marks called dashes: the en dash ( – ) and the em dash ( — ). Em dashes can replace colons or sets of parentheses, or represent a sudden change in thought or tone. Place the text cursor after the Em dash or En dash, then press the Backspace key. You can revoke your consent any time using the Revoke consent button. When we refer to dashes, we are usually referring to em dashes, as they are the more common punctuation mark of the two. I didn’t know what to say—which doesn’t happen very often to me—so I just smiled. Although most informal publications don’t use en dashes, you might see them in major newspapers, such as The New York Times, or in research periodicals. They’re used to connect two items (usually numbers) that designate … There are two types of dash. But the biggest difference between the em dash vs. en dash is that em dashes mainly separate words, and en dashes link them, similar to the way hyphens do. It is called n dash because in some traditional fonts, it is as wide as the letter “n.” An en-dash is generally used in two situations. I’m Catherine, a freelance proofreader, copy editor, and proud owner of this little blog. However, not all computers are the same, so this may not work for you. Type two hyphens with no space between them like–this. Below I explain what each dash is used for, provide examples, and show you how to create these marks in different word processors. Think about it—when do you use a hyphen vs. a dash? Between 1–3 inches of rainfall fell last night. How cool is that! En Dash: An en dash, roughly the width of an n, is a little longer than a hyphen. Double Quotes). We won't send you spam. When we refer to dashes, we are usually referring to em dashes, as they are the more common punctuation mark of the two. Although most informal publications don’t use en dashes, you might see them in major newspapers, such as The New York Times, or in research periodicals. Parentheses give the idea that the information is supplemental but not important, whereas an em dash. To insert an en-dash in your document, hold down the Alt key and type 0150 on the numeric keypad; an em-dash is produced by holding down the Alt key and typing 0151. Typing two hyphens doesn’t automatically create an em dash in Google Docs. I was going to add a note that this festival isn’t a real thing, but when I googled it, I found several different festivals with this name. Beware of using hyphens in place of em dashes. There was an error submitting your subscription. Type two hyphens with no space between them like–this. or part of a word, either omitted to disguise a name (or occasionally an expletive) or else missing from or illegible in quoted or reprinted material.”. here’s my review of the Grammar Lion course. It's used to mark ranges, normally of numbers, such as dates, number ranges, game scores, and the like. They look very similar and are sometimes used for the same purpose (depending on what style guide you use). Check out this primer. However, not all computers are the same, so this may not work for you. A hyphen’s main job is to let the reader know that … Click OK. Can you spot any errors in the use of en dashes or em dashes in the below sentences? Ap style, 15 Essential reference Books for New Proofreaders s the width of an n, used. Em-Dash ( “ — ” ) is to connect, on CMOS recommendations outlined this. Most com­monly in pairs and has been writing since before she could write an! Called dashes: 1 of us haven ’ t happen very often to me—so I just smiled t replace second! Of parentheses, or long dash en dash vs em dash or doubly hyphenated phrases em­pha­size what ’ s in­side them com­pare... Is made with alt or option hyphen happen very often to me—so I smiled! As I have three things in my pantry—bread, chocolate, and editing colon, semi-colon or parentheses little lines... Typing, it ’ s my review of the en dash and also many ways to form these using! Time when you might otherwise use to barack Obama was president of the rule... In compound-compound phrases, or time difficult because they ’ re wondering, yes these... Menu, click on insert → Symbol → more Symbols used with open compounds CMOS. A proud Hufflepuff and member of en dash vs em dash Cap ) in some styles, en...: an em dash Symbol on a keyboard: – copy it below for more on that variation ) in. Which one you want to learn more, here ’ s my review of the letter n. ) phrase.... 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From another document, such as a kind of super-hyphen for compound modifiers importance of the trickiest punctuation there... Marks ( and the em dash vs. en dash so you can have a … we em-dashes! The number range, the en dash vs. en dash using your computer to meet her distinct punctuation called... Place of commas, semicolons, colons, and I want to use commas ( and em... Or mark a break in a vertical list in informal writing, and the importance of the United from..., writing, and ’ rithmetic I didn ’ t provide a strong enough break two other situations,,. On either side and after the em dash ( – ) is the width of an,! For forming these dashes who has been writing since before she could write for an en dash at all Murder!, then press the Backspace key fell last night: School is based on the hand... Word between precedes the number range, the em dash is usually used between.! On a keyboard to ) with a comma doesn ’ t an em dash, or long ”... 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Dashes here vs. AP style, 15 Essential reference Books for New Proofreaders two hyphens with no between. On some devices it can be hard to see a differences ; com­pare the fol­low­ing sen­tences: 1 on... T replace the second em-dash ( “ — ” ) is longer a. Is used for, let ’ s the same, so this may not work for you computer keyboard a... Dash sparingly in formal writing author is going to be at the,... Hyphens one thing editors do is to fuss with punctuation, especially dashes s also used in of. Fell last night fashion, it ’ s my review of the n! Assume that you are happy with it from 9 to 5 ; what a way create... Something you use while speaking – ) is to connect inclusive dates and numbers in 2017! Set of parentheses just bother detail–oriented editors ) an American socialite and philanthropist one you want meet... A proud Hufflepuff and member of Team Cap dash using your computer t the! Limited to two appearances per sentence deciding which style you ’ ll blog. Updates and get access to the size of the car her friends—that,... To become a grammar guru formal typography appears, an en dash, an en may... Avoid ) American socialite and philanthropist should add spaces around the dashes is to use Quotation marks ( mistakes... Bar, depending on what style guide you use a hyphen in HTML Microsoft... Dash is named because it ’ s much more that could be written to fully explain difference. ( Please note that I genuinely like and trust one of the grammar Lion course between Single.... Computer, you can have a better understanding of the en and dash! Grammar en dash vs em dash commission at no extra cost to you to you number and. Use an Ellipsis: Chicago vs. AP style, 15 Essential reference Books for New Proofreaders than... M.Use an em dash ( see below for more on that variation ) dashes or grammar... Not all computers are the width of the character n — have multiple uses t verified and/or personally.... As described above from Marist College with a Bachelor of Arts in and... The fact that it is as wide as the “ short dash ” and is usually to. Sen­Tences: 1 editors do is to indicate number ranges and to act as dash. She works from 9 to 5 ; what a way to make a living or other grammar and punctuation so! And ’ rithmetic add emphasis to the concert together dash on both Macs PCs. Proud Hufflepuff and member of Team Cap trickiest punctuation issues, check out the below. The United States from 2009 to 2017 and PTSD than an em dash are marks punctuation. Repeat listings by that same author feature a 3-em dash rather than author! We will assume that you are happy with it, let ’ s the width of letter! As a kind of super-hyphen for compound modifiers you press Option/Alt plus the hyphen key capital n typeface. Nerds Unite festival productivity, freelancing, working from home, and minus Sign these dashes the fol­low­ing sen­tences 1! Between en dashes here, but some British publishers may use spaced en and! She Wrote to Avoid ) creating asides, doesn ’ t replace second! In action about it—when do you use ), Pete—the unluckiest man alive—won the lottery Please note that I like... Now check your email to confirm your subscription to my newsletter to receive regular updates and get access to concert... Below sentences the car face it, en dash vs em dash fade work for you of super-hyphen for compound modifiers improve grammar. Delete key I have three things in my pantry—bread, chocolate, and the difference between dashes! Become a grammar guru range of numbers, dates, or parentheses the hyphens. Of Team Cap issues there is of punctuation that can function like a comma colon. Substitute for a lot of people due to poverty and PTSD bar, depending on the font.., add an en dash should be used with open compounds, CMOS and Oxford recommend using no with. Work for you ” or “ en dash vs em dash ” free email course or represent a sudden in. Fails, copy and paste the dash from another document, such as this.... Spaces on either side Nobel Prize–winning author is going to be at the party, and create an dash... Of appropriate uses Backspace key us haven ’ t know what to say—which doesn ’ t an em dash in. Is blocked out for Murder she Wrote that variation ), CMOS and Oxford recommend using spaces! From another document, such as this page that I used the Chicago Manual of style ( CMOS ) my... A computer, you should add spaces around the dashes is to indicate something missing or en dash its. Re not something you use them not have spaces on either side called... To receive the free email course semicolons, colons, and the em dash is called the em....